Kangs Solicitor
BIRMINGHAM: 0121 449 9888
LONDON: 020 7936 6396
MANCHESTER: 0161 817 5020

Winner of the Legal 500 – ‘Criminal, Fraud & Licensing Law Firm of the Year’ – “One of, if not the best, criminal specialist firms in the country”

Failure to Provide a Specimen Defence

CHAMBERS UK

“They really go the extra mile for the client. They’re real experts in the field and they have a proven track record”

The Law

The offence of failing to provide a specimen is committed if:

“a person, without reasonable excuse, fails to provide a specimen when required to do so.”

The police can lawfully require a person to provide a specimen of:

  • blood;
  • breath, or
  • urine

In the course of an investigation as to whether a person has committed the offences of:

  • being in charge/driving or attempting to drive whilst unfit, or
  • driving/attempting to drive with excess alcohol.

When a person fails to give a sample requested, either at the roadside or at the police station, they commit the offence unless they can show they had a reasonable excuse for not providing.

The officer must warn the person that they could be prosecuted for failing to provide.

The police will decide which sample they require. The suspect cannot choose.

Usually a breath specimen will be first requested. However, a blood or urine sample could be requested.

The Defences

Reasonable Excuse

If a reasonable excuse is raised for not providing a specimen, then a defendant should be acquitted of the offence unless the prosecution can prove (beyond reasonable doubt) that no reasonable excuse exists.

A reasonable excuse is generally one which prevents a person from physically or mentally being able to provide a sample such as:

  • Asthma
  • Chest infection
  • Anxiety or panic attacks
  • Fear or phobia of needles
  • Prostate problems

The defence has to prove the reasonable excuse on the balance of probabilities therefore, in most cases, expert medical evidence should be obtained in support.

 

Procedural Defences

The police must follow the correct procedure during the process.

For example, should the warning of prosecution not be given, the suspect cannot be found to have committed the offence.

The Penalties

If you are convicted of the offence of failing to provide a specimen, the Magistrates may sentence as follows:

  • Fine and / or imprisonment for a maximum of 6 months;
  • Obligatory disqualification for a minimum period of 12 months (usually 12 – 36 months);
  • If it is a second disqualification within 10 years, obligatory disqualification for a period of 3 years;
  • If the sample request was made in connection with an offence of “being in charge” disqualification is discretionary and 10 penalty points must be endorsed.

How Can Kangs Solicitors Help?

Kangs Solicitors have a dedicated team which is experienced in representing defendants in motoring matters.

If you are arrested on suspicion of drink/drug driving, you can make contact with us from the police station by asking the custody sergeant to phone our emergency number which is contactable 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.

If you have been charged with an offence of failing to provide, it is important that you obtain expert legal advice as soon as possible.

Kangs Solicitors will investigate and advise whether you have a defence to the charge.

If you do have a defence, one of our expert motoring lawyers can represent you at trial.

If we believe that there is no defence available to you, we can prepare and present mitigation to the Court in order to minimise the sentence.

For expert advice regarding any motoring offence please contact our team of solicitors which has a proven track-record in defending clients on motoring matters.

Contact

Legal 500

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Legal 500

“Tenacious in challenging the prosecution”

Legal 500

“It has very bright individuals at all levels who know the system inside out”

Legal 500

“This is a first-class firm with unrivalled experience, a great track record, an acute attention to detail and a tenacity that clients really rate are features of this firm”

Legal 500

“Client care and expert knowledge of their areas of practice. A close-knit team that are always available to clients”

Legal 500

“Kangs ensure the work it does is to the high standards”

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