John Veale of Kangs Solicitors considers further the powers available to the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) when investigating insider dealing and market manipulation.

Functions of the FCA | Kangs Fraud Advisory Solicitors

The FCA:

  • work closely with the financial services industry to seek out and prevent market manipulation/insider dealing.
  • has wide powers of investigation and undertakes surveillance of markets using systems reporting data, order book data, benchmark submissions and other market data.
  • examines market algorithms in order to detect suspicious trading.
  • examines suspicious transactions that are reported to it and which may lead to the start of a formal

The Financial Services Act 2012 (‘the Act’) | Kangs Fraud Solicitors

In addition to the Criminal Justice Act 1993, which deals specifically with insider dealing, the Act sets out further offences dealing with market manipulation:

Section 89

Misleading Statements:

  • When a person makes a statement that they know to be false or misleading or are reckless as to whether it is false or misleading in a material respect or dishonestly conceals any material facts whether in connection with the statement made or otherwise, then an offence is committed if that person does so with intention of inducing another or is reckless as to whether another is induced to enter into or refrain from entering into a relevant agreement or to exercise or refrain from exercising any rights conferred by a relevant investment.

Section 90

Misleading Impressions:

  • When a person does any act or engages in a course of conduct which creates a false or misleading impression as to the market in or the price or value of any relevant investment intending to create that impression and by doing so induces another to acquire, dispose of, subscribe for or underwrite the investment or to refrain from doing so or to exercise or refrain from exercising any rights conferred by the investment then an offence is committed if that person knows it to be so or is reckless as to whether it is and doing so is likely to produce a gain for themselves, a loss to another or a likely loss to another.

Section 91

Misleading Statements etc. in relation to benchmarks:

  • A person who makes a false or misleading statement in the course of arrangements for the setting of a relevant benchmark, intends that another should use the statement for the purpose of the setting of a relevant benchmark and knows the statement to be misleading or false or is reckless as to whether it is, commits an offence if they create a false impression as to the price or value of any investment or interest rate appropriate to a transaction

Penalties | Kangs Criminal Trial Solicitors

Section 92 of the Act provides that the penalties are:

  • On summary conviction, a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum and or a term of imprisonment not exceeding twelve months.
  • On conviction on indictment, a fine and or a term of imprisonment not exceeding seven years.

Defences | Kangs Criminal Fraud Solicitors

There may be a defence available where a statement or impression is made

in conformity with:

  • price stabilising rules,
  • control of formation rules
  • regulations for buy-back programs and stabilisation of financial instruments.

How Can We Help? | Kangs Financial Fraud team

Kangs provides an expert  team of solicitors experienced in FCA and financial investigations of every nature from the outset through to trial.

Our team is led by Hamraj Kang who recognised as a leader in this field and is ranked as a ‘star individual’ in the legal directory Chambers & Partners.

If you need help in relation to any FCA investigation or prosecution, please do not hesitate to contact our team through any of the following:

Hamraj Kang
07976 258171 | 020 7936 6396 | 0121 449 9888

John Veale
0121 449 9888 | 020 7936 6396 | 07989 521 210