Cryptocurrency Investigations & Disputes

For over twenty years, Kangs has been successfully representing clients in investigations conducted by the major UK enforcement agencies which currently include the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), the Serious Fraud Office (SFO) and HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC). Our award-winning team of solicitors is nationally recognised for its multi-jurisdictional work in Civil and Criminal financial investigations including cryptocurrency investigations and prosecutions.
Cryptocurrency Investigation Solicitors

Our team is led by our Senior Partner, Hamraj Kang, a nationally recognised leader in the field of financial fraud investigations.

We appreciate that an investigation by an enforcement agency can cause significant disruption to a business and its senior management. We work to minimise the risk of reputational damage and provide practical cost-effective solutions for our corporate and individual clients.

Kangs has expert teams of civil lawyers  and criminal fraud solicitors experienced in dealing with both civil and criminal issues that arise in the use, storage, ownership, transfer, investment and trading of cryptocurrencies and crypto assets.

We are here to assist you with these issues and our team of expert crypto asset solicitors can be contacted for confidential and discrete advice.

Got a question?

Can't find what you need? Get in touch with our experience team, who are happy to answer any questions you have. Call us on 0333 370 4333.

How can Kangs help with Cryptocurrency Disputes?

Our experienced crypto lawyers take a proactive approach to crypto assets investigations and any ensuing civil or criminal proceedings.

We are able to field a team of expert cryptocurrency solicitors to assist you.

We have longstanding relationships with the leading barristers and Kings Counsel (KC) in the country in this specialist area of law.

The CRIMINAL LAW areas we can assist you with include:

  • Investigations by any enforcement agency such as the FCA, HMRC and the SFO
  • Immediate representation and attendance at any Dawn Raid and execution of a search warrant to ensure the investigators do not exceed their powers of search and seizure
  • Advice on challenging the basis and legality of a search warrant
  • Liaising and negotiating with the enforcement agency on your behalf
  • Representation at interviews and meetings with the enforcement agency
  • Representation in any ensuing criminal proceedings such as a prosecution for serious fraud, money laundering or regulatory breaches

The CIVIL LAW areas we can assist you with include:

What is the legal definition of Cryptocurrency?

The European Union’s 5th Money Laundering Directive (5MLD) came into force in January 2020 and defined a cryptocurrency as follows:

‘a digital representation of value that can be digitally transferred, stored or traded and is accepted…as a medium of exchange’.

Cryptocurrency, Bitcoin and other Crypto Assets

There are many hundreds of different types of cryptocurrencies and crypto assets, with Bitcoin being the most recognised.

A key feature is there is no centralised bank or nation state regulating a cryptocurrency. All transactions are conducted without such regulation.

A cryptocurrency is used in a variety of ways:

  • A means of exchange, enabling goods and services to be paid for
  • A payment platform
  • A store of value and investment
  • A sophisticated financial instrument, such as cryptocurrency derivatives

The underlying technology is blockchain which creates a unique one line ledger for each transaction made using the cryptocurrency.

The ledger can be accessed from anywhere in the world with multiple copies being available at any one time. All copies are automatically updated simultaneously. This is what makes the blockchain technology different to a traditional ledger.

The blockchain technology does not rely on a centralised server. The information is encrypted, stored and protected to the level that cyber-attacks are considered unlikely to be successful.

Crime and Cryptocurrencies

The lack of regulation of the multi-billion dollars crypto assets market has led to concerns that the virtual currencies are being favoured by criminals to conduct their business.

Areas of concern that have been highlighted include:

  • The block chain technology enables the anonymous and borderless nature of transactions resulting in money laundering on a large scale
  • The lack of ‘Know Your Client’ and ‘Due Diligence’ checks conducted by many cryptocurrency exchange providers attracts professional money launderers
  • Criminals targeting innocent investors drawn to cryptocurrencies for the potentially large rewards from currency appreciation
  • ‘Boiler room’ type operations offering Initial Coin Offerings (‘ICOs’) which prove to not exist at all or, if they do exist, prove to be worthless
  • Theft of cryptocurrencies from personal wallets and from exchange providers as a result of cyber-attacks

What is The European Union’s 5th Money Laundering Directive?

In January 2020, the EU’s 5MLD came into force in an effort to tackle the increasing levels of worldwide money laundering, terrorist financing and corruption.

It is estimated that £80-100 billion of laundered funds passes through the UK’s financial system each year with a detection rate lower than 1%.

It is widely acknowledged that the rise in digital currencies has significantly contributed to this problem.

As a result, the 5MLD has focused on bringing changes to the cryptocurrency sector to bring it into line in many respects with the traditional financial and professional services sectors.

What are the changes for Exchange Providers and Wallet Providers?

As a result of the 5MLD, both cryptocurrency exchange providers and custodian wallet providers are classed as ‘obliged entities’ which means they will have to adhere to the same Anti-Money Laundering regulations as traditional financial and professional service providers.

cryptocurrency exchange provider is a business that exchanges a virtual crypto asset into money or to other virtual assets.

custodian wallet provider stores and administers the virtual crypto assets on behalf of the beneficial owner/customer.

In reality both exchange providers and wallet providers will need to:

  • Conduct ‘Know Your Client’ Checks on their customers
  • Conduct ‘Due Diligence’ Checks on customers
  • Submit Suspicious Activity Reports (SARs) to the NCA as and when appropriate
  • Register with the FCA within a certain time limit or lose the right to remain in business
  • Provide on demand data sharing with law enforcement agencies which means customers names and addresses will need to be disclosed

As a result of the above regulations, the transactions will no longer be anonymous for customers.

Contact Kangs

The expert lawyers at Kangs are available to assist you. We can arrange initial consultations in person, by video call or telephone.

Please contact one of our experts listed below or contact us at:


T: 0333 370 4333



A well-run firm with a brilliant team of lawyers
It has very bright individuals at all levels who know the system inside out
One of, if not the best, criminal specialist firms in the country
Cryptocurrency, FCA Investigations, Financial Investigations
Following the collapse of cryptocurrency trader, FTX, the urgent need for the introduction of tighter regulation of crypto currency trading has become apparent. The UK is determined to be at the forefront of such regulation and proposed legislation is designed to increase transparency in cryptocurrency trading bringing the sector into closer alignment with the regulation […]
Commercial Disputes, Cryptocurrency, Financial Investigations
In a previous article, posted to this website entitled ‘Economic Crime | Legislation Proposals’, we outlined some of the proposals contained within The Economic Crime and Corporate Transparency Bill (‘the Bill’), which is currently passing through the Committee stage of The House of Lords. The Bill also makes provision for the confiscation of Cryptoassets within the Proceeds of […]
Cryptocurrency, Services
In a previous article, posted to this website entitled Ongoing Trial | Kangs Cryptocurrency Offences Defence Solicitors, we outlined the allegations against our client for which he was being tried at Oxford Crown Court. Tim Thompson of Kangs Solicitors now reports on the negotiated settlement achieved with which our client is absolutely delighted. Kangs Solicitors fields an […]

Get in touch