Kangs Solicitor
BIRMINGHAM: 0121 449 9888
LONDON: 020 7936 6396
MANCHESTER: 0161 817 5020

Winner of the Legal 500 – ‘Criminal, Fraud & Licensing Law Firm of the Year’ – “One of, if not the best, criminal specialist firms in the country”

Tax Investigations | COP 9

Chambers UK

“Ultra efficient and professional. Not surprised it has many senior professional clients, gives a great service”

Kangs Solicitors has considerable experience in advising corporate clients, directors, employees and individuals in relation to investigations and prosecutions conducted by Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC).

HMRC is one of the most powerful investigating bodies with authority to conduct both civil tax investigations and criminal investigations where it is suspected that tax or duty has been evaded, under-declared or underpaid, or that a tax fraud has taken place.

This firm is ranked in Band 1 nationally by the legal directory, Chambers UK, for its work in financial crime and fraud investigations.

Our expertise in this field is further recognised as we are ranked in the top tier of financial fraud firms in the country by both leading legal directories Chambers UK and the Legal 500. We have the resources, experience and tactical skill to advise in the largest HMRC tax investigations.

We represent clients throughout the country in relation to HMRC tax investigations and prosecutions from our offices in London, Birmingham and Manchester.

Chambers UK

“They’re real experts in the field and they have a proven track record”

Should I approach Solicitors, Accountants or both?

If you are considering contacting an accountant or a solicitor regarding any tax Investigation, we would advise, initially, to instruct a firm of specialist solicitors.

Any information provided to a solicitor is confidential, enjoying the special status of ‘legal professional privilege’.

An accountant cannot provide this protection and, accordingly, we are able to act as a filter between you and HMRC.

We work very closely with Tax Accountants and regularly instruct them to advise on the quantum of any tax assessment served by HMRC.

We can assist with the following types of investigations:  

  • Initial assessment of tax liability
  • COP8
  • COP9 and the Contractual Disclosure Facility
  • Criminal Investigation and Prosecution

Appealing Disputed Assessments

If an assessment has been issued by HMRC with which you disagree, it is possible to appeal the same before a Tax Tribunal.

An appeal must be lodged with the First Tier Tribunal within thirty days and, accordingly, time is of essence.

The First Tier Tax Tribunal is responsible for handling appeals against decisions made by HMRC on the following matters:

Income Tax PAYE tax
Corporation Tax Capital Gains Tax
National Insurance Contributions Statutory Sick Pay
Statutory Maternity Pay Inheritance Tax
VAT Excise duty
Customs duty

Tribunal Procedure

The Tax Tribunal is a court of law which examines the evidence presented to it at an appeal and upon which a Judge will reach his decision on the balance of probabilities, having regard to all the circumstances.

Code of Practice 8 | COP8 Investigations

HMRC will initiate a ‘COP8’ investigation if it considers that a large amounts of tax has been underpaid as a result of complex tax arrangements or tax avoidance schemes which have been implemented by a large number of taxpayers.

Although HMRC will often confirm at the outset of a COP8 investigation that there is no intention to prosecute the matter on a criminal basis, it is imperative to seek proper and experienced legal advice to avoid incriminating yourself.

The Procedure | COP8 Investigations

The investigation is normally conducted by the Fraud and Bespoke Avoidance section of the Special Directorate of HMRC, which, if there is suspicion of a serious tax loss to HMRC, will investigate the affairs of:

  • Individuals
  • Partnerships
  • Companies
  • Trusts

All available information will be closely examined including tax returns, accounts and bank statements.

During the course of the investigation you may be subjected to meetings with HMRC and/or visits from HMRC to your business premises to examine your business and private financial records.

COP9 | Contractual Disclosure Facility

Where tax fraud or tax evasion is suspected and a criminal investigation has not already been commenced, HMRC can initiate an investigation into an individual using the ‘Code of Practice 9 (COP9) investigation of fraud procedure’.

The subject of a COP9 investigation is afforded the opportunity to make complete and accurate disclosure of all deliberate and non-deliberate conduct that has led to irregularities in their tax affairs.

This is completed by way of a contractual arrangement called a Contractual Disclosure Facility (CDF).

However, HMRC may commence a criminal investigation if it considers that:

  • a full and frank disclosure has not been made or
  • false and/or misleading statements have been made.

If HMRC concludes that full disclosure of all deliberate conduct has been made, a criminal investigation will not be pursued and the COP9 procedure will be followed.

HMRC will not normally disclose any specific suspicions but will seek voluntary disclosure and it is crucial that specialist advice is taken in order to protect yourself against incrimination.

COP9 | What are my options and what are the risks?

If you decide to reject a COP9 offer then you will not be bound by the terms of a CDF but you may be at risk of HMRC pursuing a criminal investigation against you.

If you accept the offer of a COP9, you will be required to accurately complete and return an Outline Disclosure Form (ODF).

If the ODF is not fully completed, HMRC will not be bound to comply with the CDF and may initiate a criminal investigation.

COP9 | What are my obligations if I accept? | Outline and Full Disclosure to HMRC

When the ODF is being completed, for each separate tax loss that arises as a result of any deliberate conduct, you will need to explain:

  • what you did
  • how you did it
  • the involvement of other people and entities
  • how you benefited from the deliberate conduct

In some circumstances you may be asked to provide a Disclosure Report which will require:

  • a brief business history
  • a description of all tax irregularities (including any that were brought about by non-deliberate conduct)
  • quantification of all the irregularities
  • information to show how you quantified the irregularities
  • summaries of tax and/or duties, interest and penalties due
  • a reconciliation of your irregularities figure with the summary of tax and/or duties
  • a certified statement of worldwide assets and liabilities
  • certificates of bank accounts and credit cards you operated
  • a certification confirming that the report is correct and complete.

How do I approach a Tax Investigation?

Tax investigations are usually:

  • complex and technical in nature
  • requiring professional attention from a skilled team of solicitors, forensic accountants and barristers
  • protracted and lengthy often spanning a period of several years.

Kangs Solicitors has an experienced team of solicitors accustomed to dealing with serious tax investigations of all types.

How Can We Help You?

  • We are here to take the strain and worry of a tax investigation off your shoulders.
  • We are a nationally recognised leader in assisting clients with tax investigations with a proven track record of success.
  • We provide a no obligation initial consultation for all clients.
  • Our advice is clear and concise. It is based on many years’ experience.
  • A track record of representing clients nationwide in meetings and interviews with HMRC.
  • We represent clients in court or before the Tax Tribunal. Our close working relationships with the best barristers, including QCs, guarantees clients the very best in representation.

Who Can I Contact For Help?

Our Team of Tax Lawyers is led by Hamraj Kang an award-winning tax and fraud specialist solicitor.

We are here to assist you and welcome enquiries by telephone or email.

We provide a no obligation initial consultation at our offices in London, Birmingham and Manchester.

Alternatively, we are happy to conduct the initial consultation by telephone or by video conferencing. 

Useful Links

HMRC documents, on both COP8 and COP9, which have been considered by us, can be found using the following links:


Legal 500

“The team has deep expertise in tax fraud and is known for its work on HM Revenue & Customs cases”

Legal 500

“It has very bright individuals at all levels who know the system inside out”

Legal 500

“Kangs Solicitors is rated for the ‘proactive, expert defence’ it provides to executives and high-net-worth individuals”

Chambers UK

“Often instructed by senior legal, accounting and financial services professionals”

Chambers UK

“Noted expertise in HM Revenue & Customs cases”

Chambers UK

“Kangs is in the highest tier of firms. Frequently represents high-profile individuals”

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