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    "Noted for the excellence of its white-collar defence practice"

    Chambers & Partners, 2014 edition

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    "Outstanding financial crime defence practice"

    Chambers & Partners, 2014 edition

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    "It’s a deluxe firm which pulls out all the stops for its clients"

    Chambers & Partners, 2014 edition

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    "They are the market leaders for serious crime’"

    Chambers & Partners, 2014 edition

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    "Kangs has an excellent reputation. They care about their clients and go the extra mile for them"

    Chambers & Partners, 2014 edition

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    "Kangs Solicitors is a standout firm"

    Legal 500, 2014 edition

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    "Kangs Solicitors is in the highest tier of firms"

    Legal 500, 2014 edition

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    "Hamraj Kang is noted for his very sharp legal brain"

    Legal 500, 2014 edition

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    "Kangs Solicitors fields a team of ‘technically able solicitors’
    and is well regarded for its serious crime and fraud work"

    Legal 500, 2014 edition

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    "Hamraj Kang is a shrewd tactician and very experienced"

    Legal 500, 2013 edition

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    "What the team is known for - handles an extensive array of criminal matters
    including murder, drugs and white-collar crime"

    Chambers & Partners 2013 edition

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    "Adept at dealing with cases that have an international dimension"

    Chambers & Partners 2013 edition

    Tax Investigations | COP 9


    Kangs Solicitors has considerable experience in advising corporate clients, directors, employees and individuals in relation to investigations and prosecutions conducted by Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC).

    HMRC is one of the most powerful investigating bodies having authority to conduct both civil tax investigations and criminal investigations where it is suspected that tax or duty has been evaded, under-declared or underpaid, or that a tax fraud has taken place.

    This firm is ranked in Band 1 nationally by the legal directory, Chambers & Partners, for its work in the field of financial crime and fraud investigations

    We are ranked in the top tier of criminal fraud firms in the country by the leading legal journals (Chambers UK and Legal 500) and we have the resources, experience and skill to defend the largest HMRC investigations and prosecutions and Criminal Tax Investigations.

    We are able to represent clients throughout the country in relation to HMRC investigations and prosecutions from our offices in the City of London, Birmingham and Manchester.

    What the Journals Say:

    “Frequently represents high-profile individuals”

    Chambers & Partners | 2017 Edition

    “Recognised for astute command of financial crime”

    Chambers & Partners | 2017 Edition

    “Renowned for its white-collar crime and fraud practice”

    Legal 500 | 2015 Edition

    “Often instructed by senior legal, accounting and financial services professionals”

    Chambers & Partners | 2015 Edition

    “Outstanding financial crime defence practice”

    Chambers & Partners | 2014 edition

    “Offers expertise in a broad range of white-collar criminal matters and attracts a variety of high-profile clients from around the country”

    Chambers & Partners | 2014 edition

    “Kangs Solicitors is in the highest tier of firms”

    Legal 500 | 2014 edition

    Should I approach Solicitors, Accountants or both?

    If you are considering contacting an accountant or a solicitor regarding any tax Investigation, we would advise, initially, to instruct a firm of specialist solicitors.

    Any information provided is confidential, enjoying the special status of ‘‘legal professional privilege’.

    An accountant cannot provide this protection and, accordingly, we are able to provide a filter and barrier between you and HMRC.

    However, it is not our role to advise on financial assessments of tax alleged to be due and we work very closely with Tax Accountants who we are happy to instruct.

    The types of investigation we can help with fall into the following categories:

    • Initial assessment of tax liability
    • COP8
    • COP9 and the Contractual Disclosure Facility
    • Criminal Investigation and Prosecution

    Appealing Disputed Assessments

    If an assessment has been issued by HMRC with which you disagree, it is possible to appeal the same before a Tax Tribunal.

    An appeal has to be lodged with the First Tier Tribunal within thirty days and, accordingly, speed is essential.

    The First Tier Tribunal is responsible for handling appeals against decisions made by HMRC on the following:

    • Income Tax
    • PAYE tax
    • Corporation Tax
    • Capital Gains Tax
    • National Insurance Contributions
    • Statutory Sick Pay
    • Statutory Maternity Pay
    • Inheritance Tax
    • VAT
    • Excise duty
    • Customs duty

    Tribunal Procedure

    The Tribunal is a court of law which examines the evidence presented to it upon an appeal and upon which the Judge will reach his decision on the balance of probabilities, having regard to all the circumstances.

    Code of Practice 8

    If HMRC believes that large amounts of tax has been underpaid as a result of complex tax arrangements or tax avoidance schemes which have been implemented by a large number of taxpayers then they will initiate a ‘COP8’ enquiry.

    Although HMRC state that they commence these investigations without intent to prosecute, it is imperative to seek proper  and experienced legal advice to avoid incriminating yourself.

    The Procedure | Code of Practice 8

    The investigation is normally conducted by the Fraud and Bespoke Avoidance section of the Special Directorate of HMRC, which, if there is suspicion of a serious tax loss to HMRC, will investigate the affairs of:

    1. Individuals
    2. Partnerships
    3. Companies
    4. Trusts

    All available information will be closely examined including tax returns, accounts and bank statements, for example.

    During the course of the investigation you may be subjected to meetings with HMRC and/or visits from HMRC to your business premises to examine your business and private financial records.

    Code of Practice 9 | Contractual Disclosure Facility

    Where a criminal investigation has not already commenced, HMRC may decide to initiate an investigation into an individual using the Code of Practice 9 (COP9) investigation of fraud procedure when tax fraud/tax evasion is suspected.

    The recipient of COP9 is given the opportunity to make a complete and accurate disclosure of all deliberate and non-deliberate conduct that has led to irregularities in their tax affairs.

    This is completed by way of a contractual arrangement called a Contractual Disclosure Facility (CDF).

    However, HMRC may commence a criminal investigation if it is felt that:

    • a full and frank disclosure has not been made or
    • it is considered that false and/or misleading statements have been made
    • in exchange for COP9, if HMRC concludes that full disclosure of all deliberate conduct has ben made, a criminal investigation will not be pursued.

    HMRC will not normally disclose any specific suspicions but will seek voluntary disclosure and it is crucial that specialist advice is taken in order to protect yourself against incrimination.

    COP9 | What are my options and what are the risks?

    If you decide to reject a COP 9 offer then you will not be bound by the terms of a CDF but you may be at risk of HMRC pursuing a criminal investigation.

    If you accept the offer, you will be required to accurately complete and return an Outline Disclosure Form (ODF).

    If the ODF is not fully completed, HMRC will not be bound to comply with the CDF and may initiate a criminal investigation.

    COP9 | What are my obligations if I accept? | Outline and Full Disclosure to HMRC

    When the ODF is being completed, for each separate tax loss that arose as a result of your deliberate conduct, you will need to explain:

    • what you did
    • how you did it
    • the involvement of other people and entities
    • how you benefited from the deliberate conduct

    In some instances you may be asked to provide a Disclosure Report which will require:

    • a brief business history
    • a description of all tax irregularities (including any that were brought about by non-deliberate conduct)
    • quantification of all the irregularities
    • information to show how you quantified the irregularities
    • summaries of tax and/or duties, interest and penalties due
    • a reconciliation of your irregularities figure with the summary of tax and/or duties
    • a certified statement of worldwide assets and liabilities
    • certificates of bank accounts and credit cards you operated

    You will also be expected to certify that the report is correct and complete.

    How do I approach a Tax Investigation?

    Tax investigations are normally of a complex and technical nature requiring professional attention sometimes over a period of several years.

    Kangs Solicitors have an experienced team of solicitors accustomed to dealing with serious tax investigations of all types.

    Our Team of Tax Lawyers is here to assist you and can be contacted through any of the following:

    Hamraj Kang
    07976 258171 | 020 7936 6396 | 0121 449 9888

    John Veale
    0121 449 9888 | 020 7936 6396

    Frances Murray
    020 7936 6396 | 07989 521 210

    Tim Thompson
    0121 449 9888 | 020 7936 6396 | 07989 521210

    Useful Links

    HMRC documents, on both COP8 and COP9, which have been considered by us, can be found using the following links:

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