Unlawful Profit Orders | Airbnb Subletting | Kangs Financial Offences Defence Solicitors


Westminster Magistrates’ Court has recently ordered Toby Harman, a tenant of Westminster City Council, to repay an amount in excess of one hundred thousand pounds under an Unlawful Profit Order (‘UPO’).

Helen Holder of Kangs Solicitors reports upon the situation.

What is an Unlawful Profit Order?  | Kangs UPO Defence Solicitors

The Act | Kangs Criminal Offences Advisory Team

The Act provides that a tenant of a property by virtue of a secure or assured tenancy commits an offence if that person, without the landlord’s consent: 

  1. sub-lets the whole, or sometimes part, of the dwelling,
  2. ceases to occupy the dwelling as his or her only or principal home, and
  3. knows he or she is acting in breach of the tenancy.

There is a further more serious offence, involving dishonesty, where a maximum penalty of six months imprisonment may be imposed. 

The Westminster City Council Prosecution | Kangs Criminal Defence Solicitors

The Circumstances

  • Harman had been renting out the flat of which he was tenant for a number of years, sometimes using a fake alias.
  • Investigators discovered that website reviews mentioned him by name and
  • Bank statements showed he had received payments from Airbnb over several years. 

Official Comment

Westminster City Council stated:

“Social housing is there to provide much-needed homes for our residents, not to generate illicit profits for dishonest tenants.  It’s illegal for council tenants to sublet their homes and we carry out tenancy checks as well as monitoring short-term letting websites for any potential illegal sublets.  Along with a six-figure unlawful profit order by getting a possession order, we can now reallocate the property to someone in genuine need of a home.”


  • Airbnb listings in London have reportedly risen to eighty thousand properties.
  • Westminster Council states that there are one thousand five hundred ongoing investigations for breaches of tenancies and that in 2018 it recovered twenty four properties from unlawful sub-letters.

How Can We Help? | Kangs National Criminal Defence Solicitors

The team at Kangs Solicitors has many years experience defending clients facing criminal charges of every nature before the Criminal Courts and provides each client with clear and expeditious legal advice and support in the defence of whatever criminal charge is faced.

If we can be of any assistance in respect of any criminal investigation or charge, then please do not hesitate to contact our team through any of the following:

Suki Randhawa
0121 449 9888 | 07989 521210 (24hr Emergency Number)

Helen Holder
0121 449 9888 | 020 7936 6396

Aman Murria
0121 449 9888 | 020 7936 6396

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